October 12, 2004 > Dribble, Dribble, Pass, Shoot!
Dribble, Dribble, Pass, Shoot!
by Karthik Raman
Autumn is here, and while sports like soccer and tennis are still being played, the sign-ups for winter sports have begun. That's right, winter sports! Most sports in the U.S. are usually held indoors due to the rain, cold and snow. However in California, the winters are mild so some outdoor sports continue to be played outside until the rains come. One of the most popular winter sports throughout the country is basketball.
Basketball was invented by Dr. James Naismith in 1891 at Springfield College, Massachusetts. He wanted a game that could be played during the cold and snowy winters of the Northeast. In the original game, they used a soccer ball that was thrown into baskets used for peaches and vegetables instead of netting. In1893, they started using official sized rubber balls, which were sometimes lopsided, so the baskets were changed into nets made from chicken wire, also know as "cagers." Backboards were designed so that the crowd could not interfere and prevent shots.
At that time, there were nine players on the court. Later on it was changed to seven players, and today we have five players. The game had a five-second rule in the beginning however, it was later changed to a 10 second rule in order to expedite the game. If the referee couldn't tell who put the ball out of bounce, he would hurl it out into the court and whoever caught it, played it. If a player had two fouls against them, they were taken out of the game until the opponents scored. Players who committed a flagrant foul would be taken out for the rest of the game. And if a player committed three consecutive fouls, the opponents were given a free point. After a basket was made, the center jump was made from mid court.
The first public game was held at the Armory Hill YMCA on March 11, 1892 between students and teachers. The students ended up winning over the teachers 5-1. The first women's game was held on March 22, 1893 and the first men's pro league began in 1898. By 1936 it was played at the Olympics.
The Tri-City area has several basketball leagues. Many are currently holding sign ups to join.
City of Fremont Recreation Department
The City of Fremont offers a youth basketball league for boys and girls ages six to 15 and is sponsored by the Fremont Swim School. The season runs from December through February. They will be holding tryouts on October 16th at the Irvington Community Center. Players signing up before October 15th can attend the tryouts. Players signing up after October 16th will be assigned to a team. Some leagues may be combined if enrollment is low.
Most games will be held on Saturdays at Irvington Community Center, but some groups may play at other locations throughout Fremont. If there are enough participants, games will be played on Sundays as well. Practices are held in the evening during the week. The six and seven year old league is instructional only, and scores will not be kept. In December, city staff members will hold a simulated game designed to help the children understand the game of basketball. Starting in January, regular league games will begin and city staff will coach the games. For more information please visit their website at www.fremont.gov or call (510) 790-5520.
Fremont/Newark YMCA Basketball League
There are two divisions in the YMCA basketball league. The Y-Rookies and the Y-Winners. The Y-Rookies clinic is for ages four to seven. This clinic will be held on Saturdays at Centerville Junior High School. The Y-Winners basketball league is for ages eight to 11 and practice will be held on Mondays at Mattos Elementary School and the games will be played at Centerville Junior High School. Fees are $80. January enrollments have started. For more information please visit their website at www.ymcaeastbay.org/fremont or call (510) 657-5200.
National Junior Basketball (NJB)
The Fremont/Newark areas have two divisions, the North Fremont NJB and the South Fremont NJB. There is also a Union City/Hayward NJB section. NJB is divided into three sections, the divisionals for grades 3-8, the High School section and the All-Nets section.
The South Fremont NJB season begins with practices in November and games from December through March. At this point, the boys are on wait list status but there are still openings for the girls. For more information please visit www.njbsouthfremont.org or call (510) 888-2218.
At the North Fremont NJB, final walk-in and mail registrations are open until October 15th. Players will be accepted until the teams are full. For more information please visit their website at www.eteamz.active.com/FremontNJB or call (510)790-2453.
The Hayward/Union city NJB league begins practicing in November with games starting in December. For more information please visit their website at www.leaguelineup.com or call (510) 425-1234.
Catholic Youth Organization (CYO)
For information on this league, please call (510) 745-7491.
City of Newark Recreation Department
The City of Newark together with the Golden State Warriors and the Jr. NBA and Jr. WNBA offers a Junior Warriors Youth basketball league from November through March. The league is divided into two age groups, grades K-2, mixed boys and girls league, and grades 3-8, boys and girls leagues.
Tryouts for K-2 will be on October 16th, 20th and 30th, with games starting on November 6th and ending on December 18th. All tryouts and games will be at the Silliman Center. Fees are $55. Tryouts for grades 3-8 will be on December 4th, 11th and 18th, with games starting on January 8th and ending on March 12th. Fees are $65. For more information please visit their website at www.ci.newark.ca.us or call (510) 742-4437.
The Catholic Youth Organization has a girls and boys basketball league for Union City residents. The boys basketball registration was in August and September but the girls registration will be December and January. For more information please call Joise Agullana, boys coordinator, at (510) 675-9540 or Debbie Correia, girls coordinator, at (510) 487-6944.